Organization, like all formalisms, requires choice contingency. 1, 2 One thing must be deliberately and purposefully chosen over another. 3-5 Nonliving (inanimate) nature cannot make purposeful choices. 6-8 This means that nonliving nature could not possibly have made the programming choices recorded into DNA. 9-11 DNA is a program (a very sophisticated Turing Tape). 12, 13
If programming choices are made by flipping a coin (by chance), nothing will compute. The computer (or cell) will “blue screen” every time. The program will crash. “Cannot compute!” Nothing useful will be processed. The “instructions” of a randomly generated program will be the equivalent of linguistic meaningless gibberish. The cell would not only die, it would never have come to life in the first place.
If the programming choices were made by law, they would all be the same. The program would consist of all 0’s, or the program would consist of all 1’s — by law! No freedom would exist at each decision node to pick from among real alternatives. Programing is impossible without freedom of choice at each decision node or configurable switch-setting opportunity. No circuit could be integrated. No computation would be possible. No algorithms could be optimized or processed. No biofunction or metabolism could be organized. Law (“necessity”) cannot program any better than chance can program!
When a metaphysical worldview pre-assumes and believes that “chance and necessity (nature) is all there is,” that worldview is left high and dry, with nothing that could possibly explain the reality of choice contingency in everyday life. Philosophic naturalism cannot explain the phenomenon of programming, either. Programming is the key to life. Long before computers were invented, millions of nanocomputers were computing millions of parallel programs at the subcellular level of tens of millions of species.
Any worldview that draws a perimeter that cannot contain all of reality’s puzzle pieces should be eliminated from consideration. That worldview cannot abide as a scientific metanarrative. Chance and Necessity alone cannot explain the repeatedly observable biological data. 14, 15 Mass and energy cannot organize. Chance and necessity (law) cannot steer, program, control, or regulate subcellular metabolism.